October 23 , 2012
Louay N. Mohammad; Samuel B. Cooper, Jr. ; Mostafa Elseifi
Asphalt Rubber Conference 2012 Munich
The United States Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) of 1991 specified that all asphalt pavement projects funded by federal agencies must use certain percentages of waste tires. Although this mandate was later suspended from the ISTEA legislation, it has greatly encouraged research and application of crumb-rubber modified (CRM) asphalt in hot-mix asphalt (HMA) pavement. The Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development began, in 1994, to evaluate various CRM applications in which long-term pavement performance of CRM asphalt pavements were compared to control sections built with conventional asphalt mixtures. This study presents the field performance evaluation of various applications of CRM HMA constructed in Louisiana. Eight CRM asphalt pavement sections were constructed using eight different CRM processes/products on five Louisiana state highways. On each state highway, a control section was built with conventional asphalt mixtures, which allowed comparing the field performance of pavement sections built with CRM asphalt mixtures to conventional HMA. Comparison of field performance was conducted through rut-depth measurement, cracking data, and international roughness index (IRI). The pavement sections constructed with CRM asphalt mixtures showed overall better field performance indices (rut depth, random cracks, and IRI numbers) than corresponding control sections. Both CRM modified, wet and dry, HMA mix types are performing equally well, if not better, than the conventional mix types evaluated.
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